How to Call a Model from Another Model in Joomla!

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When developing a custom component using the Joomla! Framework, according to its Model-View-Controller (MVC) design pattern, a model is generally used for a view.

But, in reality, much more data is used in custom components. As a result, the component becomes more complex quickly and its size increases. For this reason, one model has to use data from another existing model. This saves time as well as avoids repetitive code.

In this tutorial, an example of how to use a function of one of the models in a Joomla! component by calling the second model in it is shown along with the code example. Hopefully, any Joomla! developer can benefit from this code.

In my custom component “com_news”, I have a view for editing data in administration area named, “New” (“administrator/components/com_news/views/new/tmpl/edit.php”).

  • I have created its model, named, “New” in “administrator/components/com_news/models/new.php”.
  • I want to use another model named, “gallery” (“administrator/components/com_news/models/gallery.php”) and call its “getGallery()” method from “new” model.

Now this model can be called either within or outside the ‘com_news as:

$galleryModel = $this->getInstance('Gallery', 'NewsModel');

Note: When I am inside a model, JModel class is defined already, so I need not include the path of other model. Thanks to Joomla’s MVC design pattern.

Now, I can call any function from that model using this instance, like:

$this->gallaeryList = $galleryModel->('Gallery');

These codes follow the coding standard of Joomla 3.x, which is supposed to work in Joomla 2.5 as well.

How do you call another model from a Joomla! model? I am especially calling upon you to share your code with me. Thank you for time to read my blog.

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